The Mishnah gives guidelines about how to live. It was written about two hundred years after the Temple was destroyed, to help Jews keep their traditions during this difficult time. And, this article will cover everything you need to know about these guidelines, including some details about Mishnayos for deceased.
- Zera’im (Seeds)
Mishnah Zera’im contains laws about agriculture, such as what to plant during each season. A few of these rituals are no longer relevant today, such as planting fruit trees. A key part of this order is about not growing two different crops on the same field, and it contains some specific details about it.
This section is the longest of all the Mishnah, and it includes many rules about what is allowed and not allowed, including the temperature at which food becomes unkosher. It also has some great information about insects that are kosher or non-kosher to eat.
- Mo’ed (Festivals)
The Mo’ed order of the Mishnah gives guidelines for Shabbat or festivals and other holy days. This includes customs about what to do on these days or how to separate different kinds of work on Shabbat. This order also explains the Jewish holidays and how to celebrate them according to the Mishnah. There is also a great section that includes things you need to know, such as mealtimes and entertaining guests.
- Nashim (Women)
The Nashim order of the Mishnah gives guidelines about marriage, divorce, and other things related to women. This includes rules for who is considered a virgin and how they should be treated differently from those who have already been married. It also explains a lot about the menstrual cycle and what a woman can do during that time. This order also has great guidelines about business dealings with women, including advice on how to work with their husbands.
- Nezikim (Damages)
The Nezikin order of the Mishnah gives guidelines for lawsuits and damages, whether it is about paying back money or physical damage. There are many rules about torts and crimes and what to do in certain situations. It also includes guidelines about not putting others in danger. This order has many rules about how people should interact with each other, such as returning items that have been lost and how to take care of others’ property.
- Kodashim (Holy Things)
The Kodashim order of the Mishnah gives a lot of information about the Temple and how it worked. This includes a list of all the different sacrifices and their details, as well as for instructions on how to make them. There are also rules for priests and Levites, including things they can eat or not eat. This order has many laws about purity that still affect how people keep Shabbat. There is also a great section about Chanukah and how to celebrate it.
- Taharot (Purities)
The Taharot order of the Mishnah has many guidelines about when or why someone is impure, such as when they have had contact with a dead person. It explains how to become pure again after this happened, and there are some rules about how long people should wait to do so. This order also has many rules for someone who discovers that they have a skin disease.
There’s much more than this in the Mishnah, but these six orders give you an overview of everything you need to know about it!
Who Wrote the Mishnah?
The Mishnah was written by Rabbi Yehudah haNasi at the end of the second century. Many people think he based it on oral laws that had been passed down for generations before him, but he also followed his own opinions about these things.
When it comes down to it, the Mishnah just lists all the laws that people should follow. It is up to every individual to decide whether they want to follow what’s written in this document since there is no leader or group of leaders to enforce them.
Is the Mishnah Still Relevant?
The Mishnah is still relevant today because it explains Jewish law and customs. Although the Talmud (another important text) provides some written records of the laws that were passed on orally for generations, there are many things that can only be found in the Mishnah. The order in which everything is listed is helpful for finding specific laws and understanding how they fit together.
While Mishnah’s text is mostly unchanged, there are some things that we do differently today than they did in ancient times. This includes where we eat Shabbat meals and what we do for entertainment on Shabbat after 5 p.m. There are also many details about life in Israel that don’t apply to us now, such as what you have to do if a cow is suspected of eating from a vineyard.
Everything considered, though, the Mishnah is still incredibly important today. It’s one of two complete texts that made it through time, and it can open up a lot about this religion for people who are interested in learning more about it.