What is landscaping? Landscaping is the art and science of arranging elements in the outdoor space to achieve the desired effect. You can create beautiful, functional, aesthetically pleasing, and environmentally sound landscapes. A well-designed landscape enhances the beauty of your home and increases its value. Landscape design can be done by the homeowner or by professionals with varying levels of experience and expertise. Some landscape designers only design the space plan, while others are also responsible for installing and planting. Many landscape designers are interested in gardening, personally or professionally.
Landscape designs can be complex, but a few fundamental principles underlie the beautiful gardens of the world. Whether you’re planning a landscape from scratch or just trying to improve what you already have, there are some essential concepts to keep in mind. The 7 principles of landscape design are:
You can have three types of balance in your landscape. Symmetrical balance is when one side of the yard or garden matches the other almost exactly. The left and right halves are mirrors of each other. This arrangement is calming and orderly, although it can feel overly formal or stiff. On the other hand, an asymmetrical account feels more casual, relaxed, and less stable. It doesn’t match, but both sides are weighted the same. Radial balance doesn’t fit, but it radiates from a central point.
Scale refers to the relative size of objects concerning one another. A large object next to a small thing will appear larger than if it gets grouped with other large objects. If you have a large object that you want to appear even more prominent, place it next to something small. If you have an awkwardly small thing that you want to de-emphasize, place it near something larger to minimize its impact on the overall scene.
3. Color And Texture
A colorful garden feels lively and welcoming, while a monochromatic landscape may feel calm but uninteresting. Texture refers to how a surface feels when touched, such as rough or smooth, or soft or hard. They can be used together to add interest to any landscape design — modern, traditional, or eclectic — but they’re significant in minimalist spaces.
4. Perspective And Proportion
The proportion principle involves designing outdoor spaces that are in proportion with their surroundings and the home itself. For instance, small gardens can look more extensive or spacious by incorporating large plants such as trees.
Perception can make or break a landscape. Philosophy isn’t just about where you’re standing; it’s also about how much of each element you see. Some features are best seen in their entirety, while others are better broken up into smaller pieces. For instance, a waterfall is often best viewed when viewed in its entirety as part of a cohesive whole. On the other hand, trees are often better seen piecemeal: one tree at a time rather than an entire forest of trees all at once.
Flow is the natural movement through your yard. The way you want people to move around. It combines walkways, patios, views, and focal points. For example, if you have a pool and a garden that is only visible from the pool, you want people to move from the house to the pool to look at the playground. If you view a neighbor’s house that you don’t like, you might put up a fence or plant some trees to block that view. If your garden is on a slope, you will probably want steps rather than planting grass. Flow can be as simple as putting in some paths and as complex as designing an elaborate system of patios, walkways, and gardens to work together.
6. Repeating Patterns And Themes
Repeating patterns and themes is what gives your yard unity. Unity means that all of the elements work well together. You can repeat color themes throughout your yard by using plants with purple flowers, green leaves, or evergreen trees. You can also repeat shapes—for example, by using round shapes for flowerbeds or square patio pavers (the stones used to make patios).
Unity is the final element of landscape design. It’s the overall impression created by combining all of the above factors into a cohesive whole. Unity should unite all aspects into a harmonious design that works as an integrated unit. Unity/harmony mean that every part of your landscape is connected somehow to every other part. For example, if you have a Japanese-style garden with red Japanese maples, you wouldn’t put English roses in the same garden because they don’t match.
Landscape design is an integral part of the overall design process and must coordinate with the architecture, site planning, and interior design. By following the seven principles given, you should be able to accomplish this. In addition to this, you should consider how the landscape architecture relates to the surrounding environment, how it will appear in different seasons, the view from inside and outside, and whether it will provide a sense of comfort for occupants.